Here are the Biblical references to Eshtemoa in case it one day proves to be identified with the LMLK MMST jar handles:
Due to the significant differences between the Septuagint & Masoretic traditions of this text, click here for a side-by-side comparison; Mareshah is mentioned in verse 50.
13_Thus to the children of Aaron the priest they gave Hebron with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), Libnah with its common-land,
14_Jattir with its common-land, Eshtemoa with its common-land,
15_Holon with its common-land, Debir with its common-land,
16_Ain with its common-land, Juttah with its common-land, and Beth Shemesh with its common-land: nine cities from those two tribes;
26_Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, "Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the LORD"--
27_to those who were in Bethel, those who were in Ramoth of the South, those who were in Jattir,
28_those who were in Aroer, those who were in Siphmoth, those who were in Eshtemoa,
29_those who were in Rachal, those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, those who were in the cities of the Kenites,
30_those who were in Hormah, those who were in Chorashan, those who were in Athach,
31_those who were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to rove.
17_The sons of Ezrah were Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. And Mered's wife bore Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.
18_(His wife Jehudijah bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Sochoh, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah.) And these were the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered took.
19_The sons of Hodiah's wife, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and of Eshtemoa the Maachathite.
54_Now these are their dwelling places throughout their settlements in their territory, for they were given by lot to the sons of Aaron, of the family of the Kohathites:
55_They gave them Hebron in the land of Judah, with its surrounding common-lands.
56_But the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
57_And to the sons of Aaron they gave one of the cities of refuge, Hebron; also Libnah with its common-lands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its common-lands,
58_Hilen with its common-lands, Debir with its common-lands,
59_Ashan with its common-lands, and Beth Shemesh with its common-lands.
Note: The Strong's Concordance number is 0851 & the word means "obedience".