|LMLK Seal Type Distribution Maps
x (cannot classify)
These maps illustrate the territorial boundaries & geographic centroid for each of the 4 inscription words to facilitate discussions pertaining to the theories that these words represent centers, districts, or zones. One school of thought considers the inscriptions to represent places of storage or destination (in which case the archaeological evidence should find them mostly in 4 distinct geographic groups); another considers them as places of origin that would be untraceable by archaeological data.
In this first set of 4 maps below, the dotted blue border indicates sites with at least one LMLK handle with that particular inscription; the solid green region represents an area bounded by sites with at least two LMLK jars. The reason for illustrating both criteria is to consider the absolute broadest area possibly represented by the inscriptions (which could include stray handles out of context), & the absolute minimum area based on at least 5 handles or 2 reconstructable jars (which excludes stray jars):
MMST ZonesNote that 3 other MMST handles were excavated from 2 sites much farther north (Jezreel & Tel Sharti).
The large, red letters followed by question marks indicate the centroid of each region, which coincide with the chemical analyses of Type 484 jars confirming that they were probably manufactured in this general area. It is also worthwhile to examine the 4 sites where the largest quantities of each inscription have been excavated:
Just to cover all questions about the data, here are 2 maps analyzing the distribution of the icons:
The sites where the largest quantities of each icon have been excavated:
This table displays maps with dots for each of the excavation sites where at least one of the seal types was found; click the maps for details:
"These are the areas which the children of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, & the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel distributed as an inheritance to them."--Joshua 14:1
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|This page was created on January 31, 2003, & last updated on October 4, 2005